Bali Dog Bite – Rabies?

We returned to Bali.  We love being in Ubud where Barry is particularly disciplined, so we both got lots of exercise, ate good food, and enjoyed the music and the people. Barry  left on November 20; I was to leave on November 23.  My scheduled departure was on the last night before flights started to be cancelled because the Bali volcano, Mt. Agung, actually was erupting.  I was lucky about getting out, but my last day in Ubud was intense.

On that final morning, I was on my way to my Pilates class in Penestanan, just outside Ubud. I was peddling hard uphill.  Motorbikes zoomed past me.   I saw  a brown and tan  Bali dog at the side of the road.  Bali dogs are everywhere.  They are smart, good watch dogs, usually friendly; most are let loose to roam in the daytime.

This one came at me from behind and nipped my calf through my thin Bali pants.  I screamed.  He ran off.

I think he was just playing.  At first, I thought I was okay because it hadn’t really hurt.  I was more indignant that a dog would bite me since I like dogs and am not  afraid of them.   But when I stopped to look, I saw that he had broken the skin on my calf – two little puncture holes – and a bit of blood!  😦

And that is an issue – a Big issue – since rabies is a problem in Bali.

“Bali was rabies free until an infected dog arrived on a fishing boat in 2008.  Since then, over 150  people have died [on just that island] and many thousands of dogs have been killed in the attempt to eradicate the disease.”

adelle

Our Bali Dog – Adelle in 2016 with Barry at our Agus Ayu Guesthouse.  Adelle was friendly, a pleasure to have around: a normal Bali Dog.  During the day, she roamed Bisma Road.

This year when we returned to Ubud and stayed at the same guesthouse, Adelle was missing.  We asked about her.  Sadly, she is probably one of the many thousands of Bali Dogs picked up off the streets and killed in the attempt to rid Bali of rabies.  Many studies show that mass culling of animals is not effective; vaccinating them is.  We miss her.  😦

“The virus is still present in parts of Bali and is proving very difficult to eradicate completely due to the long incubation period of the disease. . .[which] in both humans and animals can range widely from two weeks up to several years (average 2-3 months), with the incubation period being shorter the nearer the entry point is to the central nervous system.  Therefore a bite to the face or neck has a much shorter incubation period than a bite to the foot.  Once the virus has reached the brain, it spreads to other sites such as the salivary glands” (8).

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A rabid dog

From: https://www.baliadvertiser.biz/what-is-rabies-and-is-my-pet-at-risk/

The Mayo Clinic notes, “Once a person begins showing signs and symptoms of rabies, the disease is nearly always fatal.. . .The first symptoms of rabies may be very similar to the flu and may last for days. Later signs and symptoms may include: fever, headache, nausea, agitation, anxiety, hyperactivity, difficulty swallowing, hydrophobia, hallucinations, insomnia, partial paralysis.

From: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rabies/symptoms-causes/syc-20351821

Local Bali drivers sitting near their cars had seen that I had been bitten.  They said I definitely should get the rabies vaccinations.  At the Pilates class, some classmates said I should get the vaccinations; others said the dog probably wasn’t rabid and not to bother with the shots.    One expat showed me a photo of her friend’s bite that was much worse than the little one I’d gotten.  That bitten woman hadn’t gotten shots, and hadn’t (at least not yet) gotten rabies.  The problem is that once you get the rabies symptoms, there is nothing that can be done: you die – a really painful, gruesome death.  So should I take a chance?

After class, I peddled to the local clinic that I passed by every day on my way to and from class to check what I should do.  As recommended, I  scrubbed the wound with warm, sudsy water for 15 minutes, which is important to do for any puncture wound especially in the tropics.   The clinic technician said I definitely should get the shots since the dog had run away and so couldn’t be quarantined for 10 days to see if it did indeed have rabies.  But I would need about $100 U.S. to pay for the two vaccines I should get before flying out that night.    They only took cash.

After some confusion and much stress (and a long hour of peddling around, up and down hills, trying to get money at an ATM machine that would work – and my stomach cramping and me shaking – so I knew I had rabies and would die, I finally got the needed cash.  I returned to the  Bali clinic.

The clinic is clean, and the clinician efficient and knowledgeable, and like most local people in this tourist packed town, his English is good.  He gave me an almost painless shot in each arm, the paperwork I’d need to get reimbursed from my health insurance, and printed instructions about when I should get the two remaining shots.  I’m very happy to report that the anti-rabies vaccines are no longer the extremely painful ones given in the stomach.

I would just need to get two more when I got home to Maui at recommended times over the next month – and how hard could that be?

I came back more or less directly if you count a 13-hour layover in Kuala Lumpur and two other layovers (we go for the cheapest tickets) although not nearly so long in Osaka and Honolulu as directly.  Exposure to camels was the only thing U.S. quarantine was concerned about when I came through customs, and I could honestly answer that I’d had no problems with camels.

Barry and I are home, and it is good to be back.

Then I just needed to get two more rabies vaccinations at the recommended times.   I was back in “medically advanced” U.S.

According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control, “Rabies is a very serious disease caused by a virus in all warm-blooded mammals, including humans. On the U.S. mainland, wild animals that are most often associated with rabies include skunks, foxes, raccoons, and bats. Human rabies is rare in the United States however; worldwide 65,000 to 87,000 deaths occur annually due to rabies primarily in Asia and Africa where prompt medical attention and preventive vaccinations are not readily available. Dogs are the most common source of infection of humans. . .

Human rabies cases in the United States are rare, with only 1 to 3 cases reported annually. Twenty-three cases of human rabies have been reported in the United States in the past decade (2008-2017). Eight of these were contracted outside of the U.S. and its territories.”

From: https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/location/usa/surveillance/human_rabies.html

I landed on Maui on a Friday night.  I called my doctor as soon as the office opened the following morning and explained I had been bitten in Bali and needed two more shots.  The next one (it didn’t matter the brand)  was to be given the following Wednesday.

“No problem,” I was told and given an appointment for that Wednesday.   On Tuesday, my doctor’s office called to confirm.  On Wednesday, I arrived a few minutes early and was shown into the doctor’s examining room.  It turns out there was a problem.  They didn’t have the vaccine.  What!

I was then told:

1) insurance wouldn’t cover my shots – cost compared to Bali at U.S. $50. each would be $400 each (which says something about our for-profit pharmaceutical industry here in the U.S. -)

2) no rabies vaccinations were on the island, and

3) only one Maui pharmacy had the contract to procure the rabies vaccination.

I was told that I probably didn’t have rabies.  And the basis for that?  And if the doctor were wrong?   I was suddenly a bit worried.

rabicdc010

Man with rabies shackled to his hospital bed

Image from: http://www.vaccineinformation.org/photos/rabicdc010.jpg

I looked up “YouTube video of people with rabies.”  You do not want to see those images; you definitely don’t want any being to get rabies.  That video terrified me.

I shouldn’t have been surprised that my doctor and the “designated rabies vaccine” pharmacy were rather clueless.  In our whole state of Hawaii, there has never been a case of rabies acquired here in humans or animals!

Friday morning, two days after I should have had my third shot, (and six days after I’d notified my doctor’s office that I needed the vaccines) I still hadn’t gotten the vaccine.  That morning the “designated pharmacy”  told me I should fly to the U.S. Mainland to get the last two shots.   What!!   We get over five million people flying into Maui every year; we have FedX, UPS, U.S. Postal Service.  They had had almost a week to get the vaccine here.  I was feeling rabid!

Barry said, “Okay – this is ridiculous; we are going to the doctor’s office.”   Things didn’t go well there.  I ended up yelling at the smirking nurse (who was to explain to the office manager what my doctor had done – or in this case, not done- to get me the vaccine).  Then  stomping out of the office,  I   screamed: “You are incompetent and unprofessional!!!”  Barry, being more mature,  stayed behind and made the point that he had been a patient of this doctor’s office for 30 years and that my situation was one of potential death for me.

Were there any heroes?

  1. Wailea Pharmacy.   Since it seemed I would get no medical help on Maui, Barry and I drove over to Wailea Pharmacy that Friday morning to see if Shelly,  our friend and the pharmacy co-owner, had any ideas.  She didn’t have the vaccine in stock, but she could get it.  She was very reassuring.   While we were talking, my doctor’s office called to say they had located the vaccine on island; we would just need to drive into town and bring the vaccine back to be administered that afternoon.  So my doctor’s office finally had done something!  And why was that?  Was it because of my screaming behavior that Friday morning?  Was it because Barry had appealed to their medical mission?
  2. ****Maui Clinic Pharmacy in Kahului!!!    This pharmacy  keeps the rabies vaccine in stock!  Not only that, the cost to me because  I have insurance was $30, not the $400 a shot that I’d been told.  For the fourth shot, I just went to the Maui Clinic Pharmacy.  The very competent, nice,  and knowledgeable pharmacist chatted with me and gave me an almost painless shot.
mt-maui-clinic-b-3-17-17-1100x810

Maui Clinic Pharmacy

Image from: http://s3.amazonaws.com/ogden_images/www.mauinews.com/images/2017/03/18034657/mt-maui-clinic-b-3-17-17-1100×810.j

What have I learned from this experience:

  1. Dogs can bite even if I’m not afraid of them.  I need to be more cautious.
  2. I should always have easy access to money.
  3. Because it’s a condition we don’t have on Maui, the medical people here in general don’t know what to do about rabies.  I should be grateful that rabies isn’t an issue here.
  4. In Bali, medical people know exactly what to do for dog bites,
  5. And this is sad – – maybe yelling does work.

No one has to worry about me biting them now – but I had felt like I might need to start biting a few people  to get some help.

Although my bite didn’t become infected or leave a scar — and I’m not going to get rabies —  on this same trip, I did get a scar from a moped carburetor burn, but that’s another story.  Sometimes, traveling can be interesting in ways you don’t expect.

Aloha, Renée

Banner photo: from – https://www.2checkingout.com/asia-blog-posts/2017/7/23/an-amazing-story-of-love-kindness-and-sacrifice-for-bali-dogs

This Bali Dog was named Mandi.  She looks much like the dog that bit me – but she was a sweet dog, a victim of poisoning – an effort by some Bali neighbors to rid their community of dogs.   Go to the above link to know more about how some people are helping (and some are hurting) Bali Dogs.

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Thoughts and Actions: Let them spring from love

War or Peace?

On Saturday, January 13, my husband Barry, our friend Gail from Washington State, and I lounged on our lanai on the warm Maui morning.  We  watched the birds congregate at our feeder: lots of little red beaked Java sparrows, vibrantly colored love birds, red-headed finches, and an occasional Hawaiian cardinal.

 

As we sipped our coffee, chatted, and laughed, a warning alert blared from my phone.  Usually this means a flash flood warning from rain storms up country or a high-surf advisory.  Not at all concerned, I strolled into the kitchen to pick up my phone:

I read:

“BALLISTIC  MISSILE THREAT INBOUND TO HAWAII. SEEK IMMEDIATE SHELTER. THIS IS NOT A DRILL.”

Wow!!

Was this it?

In the three seconds that it took for me to run back outside to where Barry and Gail were chatting, the following thoughts (in abbreviated form) raced through my mind:

1) Where could we take shelter?   We live in a house of single-wall construction, with lots of windows, set on posts and pilings attached to volcanic rock.  We don’t even have basements in Hawaii let alone bomb shelters.   For a short while during the 1960s when everyone in the U.S. was afraid the Russians would attack, my dad – as a part-time job – sold home bomb shelters that could be built in your backyard.  But that was in the Midwest and a long time ago. (I don’t think Dad sold many, and we certainly couldn’t afford one).  At school, we practiced crouching under our desks as a way to be protected from atomic bombs!!   Ridiculous!

2) I’ve read Japanese author Masuji Ibuse’s Black Rain, a dispassionate but memorable novel based on historical records of the devastation caused by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and those who survived.  I’ve been to Hiroshima and  the Peace Museum there where  photos show that  people were vaporized by bombs much smaller than the ones available today.

hiroshima-a-bomb-effects

Photos of the Prefectural Industrial Promotion Building before (inset) and after the bombing of Hiroshima – now known as the Peace Dome, the Atomic Bomb Dome, or A-Bomb Dome (原爆ドーム Genbaku Dōmu)).  It  is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, Japan and a UNESCO World Heritage.

From:

https://diogenesii.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/hiroshima-a-bomb-effects.png

The report from the first Western journalist to enter Hiroshima after the bombing notes –

On September 3, 1945, “Wilfred Graham Burchett entered Hiroshima alone, less than a month after the atomic bombing of the city. He was the first Western journalist — and almost certainly the first Westerner other than prisoners of war — to reach Hiroshima after the bomb and was the only person to get an uncensored story out of Japan. The story which he typed out on his battered Baby Hermes typewriter, sitting among the ruins, remains one of the most important Western eyewitness accounts, and the first attempt to come to terms with the full human and moral consequences of the United States’ initiation of nuclear war. It was published in the London Daily Express on September 5 and appears below . . .:

30th Day in Hiroshima: Those who escaped begin to die, victims of
THE ATOMIC PLAGUE
I write this as a Warning to the World
DOCTORS FALL AS THEY WORK
Poison gas fear: All wear masks

In Hiroshima, 30 days after the 1st atomic bomb destroyed the city and shook the world, people are still dying, mysteriously and horribly — people who were uninjured in the cataclysm from an unknown something which I can only describe as the atomic plague.

Hiroshima does not look like a bombed city. It looks as if a monster steamroller has passed over it and squashed it out of existence. I write these facts as dispassionately as I can in the hope that they will act as a warning to the world.

In this first testing ground of the atomic bomb I have seen the most terrible and frightening desolation in four years of war. It makes a blitzed Pacific island seem like an Eden. The damage is far greater than photographs can show.

When you arrive in Hiroshima you can look around for twenty-five and perhaps thirty square miles and you can see hardly a building. It gives you an empty feeling in the stomach to see such man-made destruction.

I picked my way to a shack used as a temporary police headquarters in the middle of the vanished city. Looking south from there I could see about three miles of reddish rubble. That is all the atomic bomb left of dozens of blocks of city streets, of buildings, homes, factories and human beings.

STILL THEY FAIL

There is just nothing standing except about twenty factory chimneys — chimneys with no factories. A group of half a dozen gutted buildings. And then again, nothing.

The police chief of Hiroshima welcomed me eagerly as the first Allied correspondent to reach the city. With the local manager of Domei, the leading Japanese news agency, he drove me through, or perhaps I should say over, the city. And he took me to hospitals where the victims of the bomb are still being treated.

In these hospitals I found people who, when the bomb fell suffered absolutely no injuries, but now are dying from the uncanny after-effects. For no apparent reason their health began to fail. They lost appetite. Their hair fell out. Bluish spots appeared on their bodies. And then bleeding began from the ears, nose, and mouth. At first, the doctors told me, they thought these were the symptoms of general debility. They gave their patients Vitamin A injections. The results were horrible. The flesh started rotting away from the hole caused by the injection of the needle. And in every case the victim died. That is one of the after-effects of the first atomic bomb man ever dropped and I do not want to see any more examples of it. . . .

 

From:   https://diogenesii.wordpress.com/tag/hiroshima/

Go to the above link for the rest of the article.

landscape-1476123096-screen-shot-2016-10-10-at-21009-pm

In the Oct. 10,  2016, Popular Mechanics article, Jay Bennett writes:

Here’s How Much Deadlier Today’s Nukes Are Compared to WWII A-Bombs

“With so much at stake, it’s important to understand what these things are capable of.

The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War II—codenamed “Little Boy” and “Fat Man,” respectively—caused widespread destruction, leveled cities, and killed between 90,000 and 166,000 people in Hiroshima (about 20,000 of which were soldiers), and between 39,000 and 80,000 in Nagasaki. These are the only two nuclear weapons ever used in warfare, and let’s hope it stays that way, because some of the nuclear weapons today are more than 3,000 times as powerful as the bomb dropped on Hiroshima.”

Also,  for those surviving the initial bombing, the radiation sickness caused agonizing deaths.  (Also, the birth defects that follow the family of the survivors reach into  subsequent generations).

3) I would not want to survive an atomic blast.

4) Even if I did somehow survive the blast, there would be huge problems in Hawaii.  Although the Hawaiians were self-sustaining for thousands of years, now “modern” Hawaii imports 90-95% of its food and energy.  We are one of the most food vulnerable places on Earth.  If there were a catastrophe, we would soon be out of food and fuel.  Puerto Rico is still not getting needed help from the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017.

In a December 21, 2017 article for Esquire magazine,

Holms reports, It’s been “three months since Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico, unleashing the full force of a Category 4 storm on the American territory. The intensity of the 155 mile-per-hour winds and the ferocity of the rainfall led the island’s residents to believe they had encountered something not of this world. . .

The troubles were never going to recede with the storm. The recovery was always going to be long, hard, and frustrating. But reports on the ground in the ensuing weeks quickly made it clear that the federal government’s effort was unacceptably slow and perilously inept. One month after the storm, one million Puerto Ricans—American citizens—were without water. Three million were without power.”

From: http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a14474788/puerto-rico-3-months-after-hurricane/

Puerto Rico is much closer to the Mainland U.S. than we are; we aren’t likely to get much help from our current administration.

5) Where was President Trump – and what was he doing with his “bigger button”?

Such terrifying thoughts raced through my mind as I ran back outside to alert Barry and Gail.

Gail, being the smart Microsoft contractor that she is, immediately opened her computer and checked The New York Times.   Lead stories included one on the U.S. economy and one on gay rights.  There was nothing about missiles headed toward Hawaii.  Barry, the always great researcher, ran to the kitchen and turned on the radio.  There was nothing on any channel.  There were no continuing disaster sirens.

We decided the alert had been a hoax or a hack.

Besides, we were with people we loved, watching birds, and drinking coffee. Our neighbor came up with his cup of coffee.  Our other lovely neighbor was off paddling in the ocean.  Our son and his little family were on the U.S. Mainland.  If we were to go, it would be quick – and besides the crisis didn’t seem real.

Another alarm signal came 38 minutes later saying the first had been a mistake.  Later we learned that our president had been playing golf in Florida, so he didn’t overreact to the “news.”  The whole situation reminded us that we must check our sources, but it also reminded us that we haven’t really worried about nuclear threats since the early 60s.

At home on our lanai, our little gathering did have a heightened sense of appreciation for the beautiful day, our relationships, our lives, and we poured another round of coffee.

A few days later, the following letter (written by my friend Melinda whom I’ve known for about 20 years) was published in The Maui News:

Nuclear war is neither acceptable nor inevitable

Stop the Nuclear Attack Warning System; it deceives people into believing there is something they can do to protect themselves. There isn’t.

 

As an interviewer and researcher who lived in Hiroshima for over 10 years, I learned that any survival is a fluke. The small bombs that were detonated in Japan vaporized people in an instant, leaving only their shadows. Skin melted off, neighborhoods disappeared, people who were in shelters were sucked out by an intense force and those who survived for a while died horrific deaths from radiation poisoning.

The warning signal is a cruel lie. Nuclear war is neither acceptable nor inevitable.

Did you know that in 1929 a law was passed making war illegal? It’s called the Kellogg Brian Pact. It was put forth by our secretary of state, Frank B. Kellogg, and his French counterpart, Aristide Briand.

Did you also know that Hawaii is the first state to recognize the KBP law thanks to Mayor Alan Arakawa’s signing a proclamation making Aug. 27 KBP day? And that Gov. David Ige recognized KBP in a Peace Day proclamation at the Nisei Veterans Memorial Center in September?

Instead of sirens we need to find a way to de-escalate the path toward nuclear war. Could it be through legal action such as fines for incitement since KBP outlaws war?

If the Koreas and USA can negotiate a cease-fire, surely we citizens of aloha can find a way to prepare for “No More War.”

Melinda Clarke

****

GetAttachmentThumbnail-10

At the Maui Women’s March, January 20, 2018, – UH Maui College

Surely, we can all work for peace and toward peace.

Religious leaders of all faiths advise peace and love:

Prophet Muhammad, said : “None of you have faith until you love for your neighbor what you love for yourself” (Sahih Muslim)

from: http://quraan-today.blogspot.com/2014/01/golden-rule-in-islam-treat-others-as.html

The wise words of Buddha from the Dhammapada  further reminds us where we could be putting our thoughts – and actions:

 

The thought manifests as the word;

  The word manifests as the deed;

  The deed develops into habit;

  And habit hardens into character.

  So watch the thought and its way with care and let it spring from 

  love, born out of concern for all beings.”

  –The Buddha

Gandhi said, “The real love is to love them that hate you, to love your neighbor even though you distrust him. Non-violence requires a double faith, faith in God and also faith in man. I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent. . . .

quote-when-i-despair-i-remember-that-all-through-history-the-ways-of-truth-and-love-have-always-won-mahatma-gandhi-283137

From: http://izquotes.com/quotes-pictures/quote-when-i-despair-i-remember-that-all-through-history-the-ways-of-truth-and-love-have-always-won-mahatma-gandhi-283137.jpg

And what did Jesus say? “Love thy neighbor as thyself.”

Let’s put our focus and energy on understanding and loving everyone.   Our survival and that of the Earth depends on it.

Aloha,

Renée

Banner photo:  Birds in the papaya tree off our lanai

Thought for the Day: Time for Friends

“[T]he Count had opted for the life of the purposefully unrushed. Not only was he disinclined to race toward some appointed hour—disdaining even to wear a watch—he took the greatest satisfaction when assuring a friend that a worldly matter could wait in favor of a leisurely lunch or a stroll along the embankment. . . .

When all was said and done, the endeavors that most modern men saw as urgent (such as appointments with bankers and the catching of trains), probably could have waited, while those they deemed frivolous (such as cups of tea and friendly chats) had deserved their immediate attention” (391).

From: A Gentleman in Moscow by Amor Towles (I recommend this well-written novel)

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Go to: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/29430012-a-gentleman-in-moscow

Take time for a friend today – and make time for a good book too.  Fulfilling these two resolutions each day will likely result in a wonderful 2018.

Happy New Year.

Aloha, Renée

Lionfish: Stunningly Beautiful? Yes! Devastatingly Invasive? It Depends.

What is ecologically correct, even helpful, to eat from the Atlantic Ocean – but not from the Pacific Ocean?

What in a well-made ceviche is rather firm and tastes like a cross between lobster and shrimp? What melts in your mouth, while the “butteriness” balances well with the lime juice”?   And from the grill, what is a lot like grouper?

The answer is lionfish from the Atlantic Ocean and other areas where the introduced lionfish is destroying native marine life.

According to NOAA research, the very invasive lionfish found in the Atlantic Ocean prey upon numerous species of fish and crustaceans, such as juvenile spiny lobster, wrasses, parrotfish, blennies, and other ecologically important species.   The Atlantic Ocean has very limited predators for lionfish, which inflict extremely painful venom from their spines.

Lionfish might have been introduced into Florida’s waters in 1992, when Hurricane Andrew capsized many transport boats and broke beach-side aquariums. It’s estimated that  Americans alone import thousands of the stunning lionfish every year for their aquariums, and some later release the fish in no-native waters.

Reproducing year round, lionfish have no natural enemies and an extremely high reproductive rate of 2 million eggs a year from one female.  Unsurprisingly they’ve taken over rapidly (NOAA).

A recent Oregon State University study found that in just five weeks, introduced lionfish reduced the native reef fishes by about 80 percent. The aggressive feeding of lionfish also reduces the numbers of herbivorous fishes that keep seaweeds and macro-algae from overgrowing corals.  Lionfish are also taking over snapper and grouper habitats; they hamper stock rebuilding efforts and coral reef conservation measures. Voracious eaters, lionfish grow to a foot or more long, and their stomachs can expand up to 30 times their normal size!

Because native species in the Atlantic and other waters where the lionfish have been introduced do not recognize a lionfish as a predator, the local fish don’t flee.   Lionfish can eat prey over half the size of their own body as long as it will fit into their mouths, and they eat almost anything.

The sharp spines of the lionfish contain a powerful venom: a single prick from a lionfish spine can cause days of swelling, discomfort and even paralysis. Pacific Ocean native fish know the danger, and stay away from lionfish (Smithsonian).

1024px-Red_lionfish_near_Gilli_Banta_Island

Red lionfish near Komoda in Indonesia.  Here in the Pacific Ocean, the lionfish is in balance with its marine environment because native fish know to flee when they see a lionfish.  Image from<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterois#/media/File:Red_lionfish_near_Gilli_Banta_Island.JPG  

In the Western Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and in the Gulf of Mexico, however, where lionfish are not native and have very few predators,  environmentalists are fighting the lionfish invasion with traps, nets and spears, lionfish catching contests, recipes and cooking contests, including Bermuda’s  Eat ‘Em to Beat ‘Em , campaign. Honduras divers are trying to train sharks to eat lionfish (National Geographic).

Atlantic Ocean lionfish are now being listed as the “ultimate in guilt-free eating – delicious, nutritious and eco-conscious. “  Chefs do need to know how to cut out the poisonous spines and prepare the lionfish correctly so as not to pass on the toxins to their guests. And the fishermen need to know how to catch them without being stung.

The next time you are in Florida, you might find lionfish on the menu. It’s not cheap: in Nassau, the capital city of the Bahamas, the August Moon Restaurant and Café has been serving lionfish since 2007. Alexandra Maillis Lynch, the owner and chef, serves lionfish tempura once every two months, whenever she can convince fishermen to supply it to her. She offers fifteen to twenty dollars a pound for the exotic specialty, nearly twice as much as she pays for the more common grouper (Smithsonian).

image

Lionfish – from the Atlantic Ocean

According to Southern Living magazine article “Eat the Enemy and Enjoy Lionfish this Summer,”  “For chefs, the lionfish’s canvas-like versatility is a key strength. It’s difficult to imagine a preparation—from beer-battered, to sashimi, to vegetable-packed kebabs—that wouldn’t work.”

The story of the Atlantic Ocean lionfish is a good reminder to all of us that introducing alien species into any habitat can quickly lead to catastrophe, both for wildlife and for us.

Hunting-Lionfish

That headline isn’t completely true for all the Western Atlantic, but the lionfish are wiping out native populations of marine life.  Enhttps://lionfish.co/why-are-lionfish-a-problem/ter a caption

Remember, our Pacific Ocean lionfish are part of the diversity of our waters – and they should NOT be eaten.

But consuming the Atlantic Ocean lionfish means you are helping the native fish and the commercial fishermen!

Aloha, Renée

Information from: < https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/invasion-of-the-lionfish-131647135/> and information and photo from: <http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/pdf/best_management_practices/fact_sheets/Lionfish%20Factsheet.pdf>

Banner from: http://www.groupersandwich.com/news/2015/07/lionfish-now-available/

 

 

 

Thought for the Day: “Seize the moments”

“Seize the moments of happiness, love and be loved!

That is the only reality in the world, all else is folly.

It is the one thing we are interested in here.” 

From War and Peace

–Leo Tolstoy

Enjoy your day wherever you are.  Aloha, Renée

 

Thought for the Day: If we kept in mind . .

“If we kept in mind that we will soon inevitably die, our lives would be completely different.

If a person knows that he will die in a half hour, he certainly will not bother doing trivial, stupid, or, especially, bad things during this half hour.

Perhaps you have half a century before you die—what makes this any different from a half hour?”

– quotation from Leo Tolstoy

Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy 1828-1910

Image from: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Leo_Tolstoy#/media/File:Ilya_Efimovich_Repin_(1844-1930)_-_Portrait_of_Leo_Tolstoy_(1887).jpgand

Aloha, Renée

Let’s Get Cooking: Basic Kale and Basil Pesto

“This variation of traditional pesto adds another taste dimension.  It’s easy to prepare and full of those kale nutrients.  Besides having it with pasta, you can spoon it into soups, spread over a layer of fresh ricotta, toss it with steamed potatoes, over eggs or use it in salad dressings.  Sometimes we add chopped roasted walnuts and finely grated Parmesan cheese.  We spoon any leftovers into an ice cube tray and when frozen hard, we pop them into a zip lock bag for later use,” says Ayu Spicy in “Food Glorious Food” (from The Bali Advertiser, Nov. 2017 p. 16).

Kale-for-Kale-Pesto-600x900

Kale for kale pesto.  Image from: https://pinchofyum.com/5-minute-vegan-kale-pesto

Basic Kale and Basil Pesto (makes about 1 1/2 cups)

Ingredients:

  • 4 cups kale leaves, washed and stems discarded
  • 1/2 cup fresh basil leaves
  • 2 tsp. lemon juice
  • 1 tsp. lemon zest finely grated
  • 1 large clove garlic
  • 1/3 to 1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 shakes of Tabasco or 1/16 tsp. powdered cayenne

Directions:

With the blender or food processor running, throw in the garlic clove until minced.  Stop the blender and add the rest of the ingredients and run the blender until all is chopped.  Stop the blender and scrape the sides down.  Turn it back on and run until you have a smooth sauce.  If it seems too dry, add more olive oil.

Kale-Pesto-Vegan-600x900

Blender with kale and other ingredients.  Image from: <https://pinchofyum.com/5-minute-vegan-kale-pesto

Taste the bright green silky sauce and adjust lemon, salt, pepper, and Tabasco to your liking.  Note: Add 2 Tbl. chopped roasted walnuts and or 2/3 cup grated Parmesan cheese to all or part of the recipe for variation.

Buon Appetito!”

Aloha, Renée

Banner from http://ifoodreal.com/vegan-kale-pesto/

 

Thought for the Day: To Judge

“To judge individuals before understanding them is a form of human rejection and feeds upon itself.”

From  The Bali Advertiser, Nov. 2017, p. 29.

Although it’s much easier to see the light within some people than in others, let’s look for it within every person.

Aloha, Renée

Photo banner from <https://www.bustle.com/p/these-boston-free-speech-resistance-photos-drown-out-the-hate-77675

 

Let’s Get Cooking: Shiitaki Mushrooms with Soy Sauce, Garlic and Balsamic Vinegar

“This easy dish has mega flavor.  It keeps for several days, making the mushrooms even tastier.  You can also use a variety of mushrooms or just your everyday white ones.  But I prefer the shiitaki with their strong flavor and chewy texture,” says Ayu Spicy in her column, “Food Glorious Food.”

Dr. Joel Fuhrman, author of such books as Eat to Live and Super Immunity, advocates what he calls a micro-nutrient-rich diet.  To have optimum health, Dr. Fuhrman says we need to eat GMOSBB (more greens, cooked mushrooms, onions, beans, and berries).

content-1

This Shiitaki Mushroom with Soy Sauce, Garlic, and Balsamic Vinegar dish is a tasty and easy way to get your recommended cooked mushrooms.   Serves 2-3.

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 kg. fresh shiitaki mushrooms or other mushrooms
  • 1 Tbl. virgin olive oil
  • 3 Tbl. balsamic vinegar
  • 2 Tbl. soy sauce
  • 3 cloves of garlic, finely chopped
  • 1 tsp. fresh thyme, chopped or 1/2 tsp. dried thyme
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 Tbl. chopped chives for garnish

Directions:

Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F (204 C).

Clean the mushrooms getting all the grit off of them.  Drain and then dry them on paper towels.  Remove the stems and discard if they’re tough.  If not, cut them in half crosswise.  If the mushroom caps are large, halve or quarter them.  You want big pieces of mushroom for this dish.

In a bowl mix the olive oil, balsamic vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, thyme, salt and pepper.  Beat this with a fork or whisk to make a smooth sauce and then add the mushrooms and toss to coat well.

Choose a glass or ceramic oven dish big enough to hold the mushrooms in one layer.  Spread the mushrooms over the bottom and bake for 10 minutes.  Stir the mushrooms and return to the oven for another 10 minutes.  If the sauce starts to burn, turn the heat down to 350 F (177 C).

Remove the dish from the oven and let stand for at least 10 minutes before serving these beauties.  Allow to come to room temperature before eating.

Enjoy your meal!  From “Food Glorious Food at www.BaliAdvertiser.biz

Aloha & sampai jumpa, Renée

Banner : Photo by Christina Holmes https://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/soy-glazed-shiitake-mushrooms-51140500

Indonesia: A Vast, Complex Country

You may or may not know:

  •  Indonesia comprises 17,508-18,306 islands! It’s the world’s largest archipelagic state.
  • Of those numerous islands, 8,844 are named and 922 are inhabited with a population of over 261.1 million.
  • free-vector-map-of-indonesia-30727

    Indonesia – a country of thousands of islands.

You probably know that tourists come to Indonesia for nature:

  • To see jungles sheltering elephants, orangutans and tigers, to visit rich marine biodiversity, and postcard perfect islands. Komodo National Park, a UNESCO Heritage Site, home of the infamous Komodo dragon, is one example of the beauty you’ll find in Indonesia.
  • To enjoy nature on land and in the water;
  • To see wildlife such as – the Komodo Dragons – the world’s largest lizard: 10 feet (3 meters), 300 pounds (136 kilos) with a venomous bite.  They are facing extinction.  Do not get close to them.  They hunt in packs!   One of the speakers at the 2017 Ubud Writers and Readers’ Festival described being confronted by a huge Komodo Dragon – while two others circled behind him!!!  Yikes.  A Komodo Park Ranger came to his rescue with a long pointed stick to poke between the Komodo’s eyes so they would run away.  Enjoy looking for the animals, but do not wander off by yourself.
  •  

  • To surf;
  • To experience cultures richly different from our own;
  • bull-cremation-parade.gif

    Cremation parade in Bali. Photo by BKristel

    Gulungan-penjar

    In front of every household, penjor poles are designed specifically to carry the Hindu prayers up to the Gods – part of the Gulungan Festival, in Ubud, Bali, Nov. 1-11, 2017 – a celebration of good over evil.  Photo by BK.

    women-with-offerings

    Balinese women taking offerings to their temple.  Photo by BK

  • To see the beauty of nature;
  • red-and-orange-flowers.
  • To experience vibrant cities such as Jakarta;
  • jakarta-1948146_960_720
  • images-15 Jakarta images from <https://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-photos-jakarta-city-skyline-image9548188&gt;
  • To experience the city of Yogyakarta, known for gamelan music and traditional puppetry;
  • 59904-004-1692C971

    Javanese shadow puppet.  Image from <https://www.britannica.com/art/shadow-puppet

  • To see smoking volcanoes. Indonesia has 76 volcanoes that have erupted in historical times; it has  more active volcanoes than any other country.  Some are among the world’s most famous volcanoes: Krakatau (Krakatoa), Tambora, and Merapi.  Right now, Mt. Agung on Bali is threatening to erupt; thousands of Balinese have been evacuated since the end of September 2017.
  • DSCF0024-1134x641

    Mt. Agung, Bali – photo by Rio Helmi

You may not know that in Indonesia:

    • On these thousands of volcanic islands live over 300 hundred ethnic groups (with over 300 native languages-including Batak, Minangkabau, Krui, and Pelalawan).
    • The Javanese are 40% of the total population and are concentrated on the island of Java.
    • The Indonesian archipelago was inhabited at least 1.5 million years ago:  “Java Man” – his fossilized remains and tools were found here,
    •  Around 2000 BCE, Austronesian people arrived in Indonesia and are the ancestors  of the modern population,
    • From the late 13th century, the Hindu Majapahit  kingdom flourished,  its influence stretching over much of Indonesia.
    • The 13th century in northern Sumatra have the earliest evidence of Islamic populations in Indonesia,
    • 2017 is the 350th anniversary of the Dutch West Indies control of Indonesia.  Part of that gaining control is because in 1602, the Dutch traded the island of Manhattan (New York city today!) for the small Banda Islands (the Spice Islands). The Dutch then had a monopoly on spices such as nutmeg, which financed the Dutch empire.
    • Banda-Islands-Book-Launch

      Just released book: The Banda Islands: Hidden Histories & Miracles   by Jan Russell

    • However,  because the Dutch were providing arms for the American Revolutionaries, the British blockaded the spice trade ships for two years causing the company to go bankrupt and the weakening of Dutch colonization.
    • Until the Japanese invaded Indonesia in 1942, the Dutch controlled the islands.
    • Recently, a Dutch man we met on vacation here in Bali said he was proud of the Dutch colonization for two reasons:
      • 1) In 1859, the Dutch outlawed suttee, the Hindu practice of a widow (not widower) having to throw herself on top of the funeral pyre when her husband died (so they would be together in the next reincarnation);
      • 2) The Dutch stopped women going topless – in this hot, humid climate.
        • “Oh well,” says Barry, “governments can’t get it right all the time.” 🙂
      • 3) The Dutch also outlawed slavery.  But today, Indonesia ranks #39 out of 167 countries in the slavery index https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/country/indonesia/
      • PA-22663573-1-1

        Many fishermen are victims of modern slavery in Indonesia.  Slavery involves trafficking of vulnerable migrants, forced labor, and the commercial sexual exploitation of both adults and children. <https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/country/indonesia/&gt;.

        Other Indonesian history, you may or may not, know:

      • Japan invaded and held Indonesia from March 1942-1945.  The Japanese trained young Indonesian soldiers – who after the war were able to gain freedom for their own country.
    • Another not often recognized component of Indonesia history involves  dock workers in Australia where the Dutch ships where harbored waiting to re-take Indonesia at the end of WWII.  Using Gandhi’s concepts, these lowly paid workers understood that their Indonesian brothers and sisters would again be colonized if the dock workers helped the ships leave the Australian harbor.  In a show of solidarity, over 4,000 Australian waterfront workers joined Indonesian crew members in a strike and refused to load Dutch ships carrying arms and supplies.  http://www.abc.net.au/archives/80days/stories/2012/01/19/3414771.htm
    • Indonesia declared independence on August 17, 1945,  two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific.  Soekarno (also spelled Sukarno) became president from 1945-1967.  Sukarno established “Guided Democracy” an autocratic system in 1957 that successfully ended the instability and rebellions which were threatening the survival of the diverse and fractious country. The early 1960s, Sukarno veered Indonesia to the left by providing support and protection to the PKI (Indonesian Communist Party).  As a result, the military and Islamists overthrew him; Sukarno remained under house arrest until his death. In 1967, Sukarno was replaced by Suharto,  one of his generals.
    • Soekarno

      Indonesian President Sukarno, 1945-1967

       

    • Sukarno image from: <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Soekarno.jpg
    •  In reaction to an attempted coup on 30 September 1965 – allegedly backed by the Indonesian Communist Party, Muhammad  Suharto led an anti-communist purge, which the CIA has described as “one of the worst mass murders of the 20th century.”
    • Those mass murders of their own countrymen started in Jakarta, the capital,  and spread to Central and East Java and later Bali.  Thousands of local vigilantes and army units killed actual and alleged PKI – Communist party members.  Recent estimates say as high as two to three million people were killed. The U.S. was complicit in the murders by providing extensive lists of communist party officials to Indonesian death squads.  From: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesian_mass_killings_of_1965%E2%80%931966>.
    • Suharto served as president for the following 31 years! Support for Suharto’s presidency was strong (for his anti-Communist stance) throughout the 1970s and 1980s, but by the 1990s, his authoritarianism and the widespread corruption of his government plus a severe financial crisis led to unrest, and he resigned in May 1998.
President-Suharto

Indonesian President Muhammad Suharto, held power from 1967-1998

  • Currently, Joko Widodo is the 7th president of Indonesia.  In 2014, he was elected to a five-year term with 53% of the vote.  He is the first Indonesian president not to have come from the political elite or to have been an army general.  Jokowi’s domestic policy has focused on infrastructure development, cuts in fuel subsidies, and a tax amnesty program.   Widodo emphasizes “protecting Indonesia’s sovereignty” by sinking illegal foreign fishing vessels and executing drug smugglers, despite foreign criticisms.  Information from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Presidents_of_Indonesia&gt;
  • Joko-Widodo

    President Joko Widodo

  • Warnings to tourists:
    • Do not bring drugs of any kind into Indonesia; do not arrange to have drugs of any kind brought in; do not take drugs in Indonesia — or you may spend 10 miserable years in an Indonesian jail and then be executed.
    • 1000Despite global pleas to spare the men, Australians Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, leaders of the “Bali Nine” – and six others: four Nigerians, a schizophrenic Brazilian, and an Indonesian – were executed  on April 29, 2015, shortly after midnight by an Indonesian firing squad.  See: https://reneeriley.wordpress.com/?s=Execution+
    • Ironically, Indonesia has shown compassion for its citizens involved in the 2002 and 2005 Bali Bombings that left many seriously injured and 222 dead, including 92 Australians, 38 Indonesians, 27 Brits, 7 Americans, 6 Swedes and 3 Danes. All 36 Indonesian terrorists who were sentenced to anything less than life for their parts in the 2002 and 2005 bar and restaurant ­attacks are now free.
    • Make sure you have an appropriate Indonesian Visa.  The November 6-21, 2017 issue of The Bali Advertiser notes, “An Italian tourist, Carmine Sciaudone, has just been released from jail in Bali and has gone home after more than a year of incarceration.  He had helped fix a projector on a locally operated party boat because it wasn’t working (no surprise there), and he knew how to fix it.  That’s work, you see, if the authorities choose to decide that it is.  And you can’t “work” on a tourist visa” (p. 27).
    • “Indonesians say, ‘When you report a missing chicken to the police, you lose a goat.’  If you offer a bribe and don’t know if it will be accepted or if it is the correct amount needed, say it is a gift for their children.  Be aware that the law favors Indonesians who overwhelmingly win legal battles against foreigners. Indonesia’s anti-graft body KPK reports that 40% of state regional budgets are lost as a result of corruption (Bali Advertiser, Nov. 6-21, 2017, p. 4).
  • Indonesia’s  constitution insures religious freedom.  But in 2005 the wording was  changed from “religious freedom” to “religious harmony.”  Minorities are to respect the majority religion, and the majority religion is to protect minorities.  An immediate result was that 1,056 churches in Indonesia were closed. People here I’ve heard say, “At least for now, we can still talk.”
  • In a 2014 Christmas Day speech in Aceh, Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Kalla claimed Indonesia is the most tolerant Muslim-majority in the world and long considered a relatively moderate Muslim state.  The Indonesian Constitution provides for freedom of religion.  However, in a 2012 cross-national Pew study on religious restrictions, Indonesia was actually one of five (out of 49 Muslim-majority countries to rank “very high” in government restrictions on religion and social hostilities involving religion.  The other four countries were Afghanistan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen – hardly good company in this respect, according to The Diplomat <https://thediplomat.com/2014/12/is-indonesia-really-the-worlds-most-tolerant-muslim-country/ 
  • Another very troubling indication of religious intolerance in Indonesia is that the popular “double-minority” (Chinese/Christian) first non-Muslim governor of Jakarta was found guilty on May 9, 2017 for blasphemy against the Quran under Article 156(a) of the Criminal Code. The charges were filed after Ahok was accused of insulting Islam in remarks that were edited out of context and put on FB, which resulted in religious riots against him.  Ahok’s verdict is a jarring ruling that undermines the reputation of the world’s largest Muslim nation for practicing a moderate form of Islam.
  • AP_16321181166668-940x580

    Basuki Tjahaja Purnama – also known by his Hakka Chinese nickname Ahok was Jakarta’s  first non-Muslim governor; he is  now in jail for blasphemy against the Quoran.  Image from <https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/02/indonesia-ahok-back-work-jakarta-governor-weekend/&gt;

    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article-4486906/Jakarta-governor-given-2-year-prison-sentence-blasphemy.html#ixzz4y7A2n891

    Ahok was found guilty on May 9, 2017 and  is now in jail serving a two-year term.  His appeal has been stopped.  The person who sent out the edited “news” is now being tried – but Ahok is still in jail.   The verdict approved by the most conservative of the Islamists is based on their rules (not the laws of the nation) that 1) Non-Muslims are not allowed to interpret the Quaran and 2) Muslims are not to be led by non-Muslims.  The two-year prison sentence was a surprise outcome after prosecutors had recommended two years of probation.

  • Andreas Harsono, an Indonesia researcher at Human Rights Watch, said the verdict was “a sad day for Indonesia”. . . “Ahok’s is the biggest blasphemy case in the history of Indonesia. He is the governor of Indonesia’s largest city, an ally of the president. If he can be sent to jail, what could happen to others?” (<https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/may/09/jakarta-governor-ahok-found-guilty-of-blasphemy-jailed-for-two-years&gt;).
  • 20indonesia-1-master768

    A Hizbut Tahrir rally in Jakarta, the Indonesian capital, calling for the creation of a caliphate and the enforcement of Sharia law in 2015. Credit Tatan Syuflana/Associated Press

  • President Joko has banned Hizbut Tahrir, the sect behind the demonstrations against Ahok, as part of a broader effort to rein in the hard-line Islamist forces opposed to his administration before presidential elections in 2019.  Because of the aggressive moves by Mr. Joko’s administration, many of the Islamist leaders who led the campaign against Ahok are in exile or prison. Hizbut Tahrir believes that all Muslims should unite in a world-wide caliphate – a global political order – in which all humankind will live under Muslim rule as either believers or subject communities. From: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/19/world/asia/indonesia-hard-line-islamist-ban.html

  • The religious makeup of Indonesia according to the 2010 Indonesian census, includes:

Religious_map_of_Indonesia

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Indonesia

  • Another complication in this huge country is that millions of Javanese (mainly traditional Islamists) have migrated to other islands throughout the archipelago because of the  Transmigration Program, an initiative started by the Dutch colonial government and continued by the Indonesian government until President Joko Widodo ended the practice in 2015.  “The stated purpose of this program was to reduce the considerable poverty and overpopulation on Java (and some other islands), to provide opportunities for hard-working poor people, and to provide a workforce to access the natural resource of other islands such as Papua, Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Sulawesi.  The program has resulted in separatist movements and increased communal violence.
  • According to Philip M. Fearnside from the Department of Ecology National Institute for Research in the Amazon (INPA), “The Transmigration Program has been labeled as ‘’the World Bank’s most irresponsible project’ by Survival International (1985); multilateral bank financing of this program has long been a focus of criticism because of its impact on deforestation and human rights.  In 1986, transmigration was singled out by a consortium of 14 environmental groups as one of the ‘‘Fatal Five’’—the five projects chosen as illustrations of inadequate environmental safe guards in World Bank lending procedures, the others being the Polonoroeste Project in Brazil, the Three Gorges Dam in China, the Narmada Dams in India, and the Livestock III project in Botswana (TFAGC 1986, Schwartzman 1986).

From: <http://www.academia.edu/1196557/Transmigration_in_Indonesia_Lessons_from_its_environmental_and_social_impacts>

As for us, Barry and I are here in Ubud, Bali, where many tourists visit – at least those who are not on the Bali beaches of Kuta or Sanur or climbing Mt. Batur.  In the past 17 years, we’ve stayed in Ubud five times.

We love the Balinese friendliness, their rich Balinese/Hindu culture that believes in karma and recognizes spirits everywhere, and the beautiful art that almost all Balinese practice, be it dance, music, painting, or carving.  Until the 1930s, Bali could be considered the richest country in the world since there was little difference between the richest and poorest families.  All could work about four months a year to sustain themselves.  The rest of the time they devoted to their arts, their temple, their family.

Then the Balinese started importing tin roofs to replace the thatched roofs that they made together with their neighbors – and lasted about 15 years.  Next,  they started importing cars and had to go to a money system.  Today, many Balinese hire Javanese migrants to work in the rice fields while the Balinese work in the tourist industry as drivers, or restaurant or hotel workers.  They still have a rich family and religious and community life.  We love the warm weather, the vibrant vegetation, the art that is every where, the friendly people, and the economical prices too.

This visit in Ubud from the end of September to the end of October, 2017, we could enjoy the Ubud Writers and Readers Festival: http://www.ubudwritersfestival.com/2017-program/; 

The Bali Vegan Festival: http://www.baliveganfestival.com/

The Bali Film Festival: http://www.balinale.com/

Ubud has yoga of all kinds, great restaurants, and music every night.

April brings the Bali Spirit Festival – yoga, dance, & music <http://www.balispiritfestival.com/

But there is much more to the complex country of Indonesia than this tiny little part that we love.

free-vector-map-of-indonesia-30727

Bali is a little island in the south central chain of Indonesian islands.

Image from: <http://365psd.com/images/previews/e9b/free-vector-map-of-indonesia-30727.png

indonesia-beach-wallpaper

Indonesian beach – Image from: <http://www.youwall.com/index.php?ver=NDgzOA&gt;

Come visit Indonesia.  There is much to discover.

Aloha & sampai jumpa, Renée

Post banner:  <https://www.jonesaroundtheworld.com/photos-komodo-national-park/>

 

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